To maintain the normal growth rate of the body, newborn babies require adequate and balanced nutrients every day. In general, they require proteins, fats, mineral substances such as vitamins, and minerals. Minerals, macro-elements as well as trace elements are vital for babies who are just born to ensure regular development. The most important nutrients are chlorine, sodium, potassium and calcium, as well as phosphorus and iron. Salt is the most common ingredient that contains the sodium that is required in the body of a human. In the time of lactation, infants should not consume foods that are salty. But, this does not mean that infants do not require sodium. It is essential for babies to get a moderate amount of sodium. Potassium can be replenished through drinking dairy products. The sources for calcium supplementation for infants are a variety such as dairy products and milk. 50 to 70% of the calcium in breast milk is absorb by the intestinal tract of infants. But the absorption rate of calcium found within dairy foods is less. So, moms should feed their children by feeding them as much saturated as is possible. Babies are able to absorb phosphorus during their everyday life, which means that babies do not have a shortage of the mineral phosphorus.
Different kinds of vitamins are essential for babies to sustain their daily activities. The majority of newborns don’t have a shortage of vitamins. But, if pregnant mothers do not have enough vitamins during pregnancy, their fetuses may also be deficient in vitamins, such as vitamin D, vitamin E as well as folic acid. If mothers raise their babies using breast milk, it’s likely that babies be deficient in vitamin K. However, at the same time parents should not supplement with too many vitamins for infants since the excess supplementation could also affect the health of infants. For instance, the over supplementation with vitamin A can result in poisoning within the body.
Parents must supplement the nine amino acids to their babies every day. It is equally important for infants to take fat supplements. The fat content in breast milk and dairy products are not sufficient to provide the amount of fats needed by infants. Other than amino acid and sugar, fat, protein and heat energy must also be available to the infants simultaneously.